Jambu Fruit Dove

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The Jambu Fruit Dove is a smallish colorful fruit-dove. It is a resident breeding species in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei and the Indonesian islands of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java.

The Jambu Fruit Dove inhabits mangrove swamps and lowland rain forests up to 1,500 m and is also found in second growth woodland. The male holds a breeding territory, advertised by raising its wings, bobbing its body and cooing. It will defend its territory with a quick peck if the territorial display fails. The female builds a flimsy nest of twigs, roots and grasses, which are collected by her mate, in a tree and lays one or sometimes two white eggs which are incubated for about 20 days to hatching, with a further 12 OR more days to fledging.

The Jambu Fruit Dove is 30 cm long and weighs 40 gm. It is a plump small-headed bird with soft feathers and very distinctive coloring including a white eye ring, orange bill and red legs.

The adult male has a crimson face with a black chin, unmarked green upper-parts and white underparts, with a pink patch on the breast and a chocolate brown under-tail. The female differs from the male in that she has a dull purple face with a dark chin. The underparts are green with a white belly and cinnamon under-tail. The immature Jambu Fruit Dove resembles the female but has a green face. The young male acquires its full adult plumage in about 39 weeks from fledging.The male when its young look a lot like the female.

The Jambu Fruit Dove is a shy and inconspicuous bird, camouflaged against the forest canopy by its green plumage. It is usually seen alone OR in pairs, but a sizable flock may gather when feeding at a fruit tree. It eats fruit directly from the tree, OR from the ground if items have been dropped by Hornbills or Monkeys. Like other doves, but unlike most birds, it can drink by sucking.


Jambu Fruit Dove, Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden

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